A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United by Heinz Kramer

By Heinz Kramer

Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the USA and Europe. After the loss of life of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic significance has replaced yet no longer reduced. this present day Turkey is dealing with a totally diverse international and protection coverage setting. notwithstanding, Turkey can be present process amazing inner switch. Many confirmed political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more wondered via a transforming into a part of its humans. specifically, there's the increase of political Islam and the resultant conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the talk approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies must reply to this improvement through adapting their rules. not anything lower than a re-assessment and, ultimately, a re-orientation in kin with either the us and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This publication undertakes a accomplished review and research of Turkey's inner and exterior alterations and offers components of a brand new ecu and American coverage towards a key strategic associate.

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More recently, associations that support an Islamic way of public life have also come under attack by state authorities. These barriers and restrictions notwithstanding, a civil society "culture" is about to develop in Turkey. Some areas and institutions stand out in this respect: human rights issues, environmental issues, business associations, and, most recently, Islamic civil movements. The large group of organizations for the support of Kemalism that have become more lively during the recent battle between secularists and Islamists are of a somewhat mixed character because many are sponsored by the state although formally they are civil associations.

It is important, however, to realize that the core of the problem, at least for the proponents of Kurdish nationalist claims, is a political issue: the recognition of a Kurdish identity in the state's policy toward the region. Turkey: One State, One People? 2011 04:22:01 page_40 < previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 Turkish journalist who had to quit his profession in Turkey for having become too closely involved in the Kurdish issue, touches on the central problem. Since the founding of the republicwhich had been brought about with the significant assistance of Kurdish tribes during Atatürk's war of independencethe Kemalist state elite has stubbornly defended the doctrine of the unity and indivisibility of the Turkish state, its territory, and its people.

A similar development caused by a division of political forces can be found in the moderate-left political camp. 2011 04:21:55 page_27 < previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 which had remained victorious in the complicated process of regrouping the various social-democratic parties that had emerged in connection with or after the 1983 elections. 7 Instead of trying to establish a convincing political alternative to the center-right camp, then, Turkey's social democracy cultivated a tradition of leadership rivalries that had started in the 1960s when Ecevit successfully ousted Ismet* Inonu* from the top of the old Republican People's Party.

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