By Kristalyn Shefveland
Shefveland examines Anglo-Indian interactions throughout the notion of local tributaries to the Virginia colony, with particularemphasis at the colonial and tributary and international local settlements of the Piedmont and southwestern Coastal simple among 1646 and 1722.
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Extra resources for Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722
For this reason alone, one must consider the power of perception and reality in the creation of the tributaries and the death of Opechancanough, who barely survived a fortnight in custody. A colonial guard shot the Powhatan weroance in the back while he was in custody, and he eventually died from the wound. At one point Beverley alleged that even while gravely ill, Opechancanough was defiant of Berkeley when English colonists crowded in to see him. 40 One can surmise, however, that the treaty was a culmination of expectations that the English had long desired of their colony.
The records of these traders provide insight into the importance of the Indian trade in Virginia. Their reasons for exploration and trade varied, but the main motive was almost purely economic: traders were searching for gold, searching for products they could derive from plants and animals, and of course seeking access to skins and Indian slaves. The Virginians funded a number of expeditions that set the stage for trading in the interior piedmont of the lower Southeast. 7 With his earnings he purchased lands near the tributary Appomattoc and initiated a trade in skins.
40 One can surmise, however, that the treaty was a culmination of expectations that the English had long desired of their colony. The treaty of peace in 1646 set forth a series of mutual obligations and expectations, some honored and some broken. The record privileges the English perspective of events, yet the intended clear demarcation of bounds, rights, and regulations did not always reflect the reality of interactions between the colonists and their Native tributaries. Tsenacommacah was no longer the paramountcy of the Native chiefdom with the signing of the 1646 treaty of peace with Necotowance.